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Was Marcos Martial Law a legit move to save his government?

After 40 years the late dictator declared martial law to the Philippines and for 20 more years after his death, still many Filipinos are talking about the dark history of martial law.  So we came up with the question, did the late President made that decision to save the Philippines from anarchy or to prolong his presidency and become a dictator.  



According to ricelander.wordpress.com 

"Marcos declared Martial Law because of Ninoy Aquino.
Ninoy Aquino was the new political superstar of the time.  In all likelihood, he was going to be the next President.  But Ninoy was perceived rightly or wrongly as a communist, or at least sympathetic to the communist movement that was leading the social unrest threatening to engulf the country.
The constitutional option for Marcos had run out.  The explosive bribing scandal that exposed his attempts to influence the delegates to the  Constitutional Convention of 1972  to allow him to run again killed that alternative.
It was at the height of the communist movement’s popularity.  For a society beset by severe social inequity and grinding poverty like the Philippines, communism certainly provided a stark alternative, with its own powerful mass appeal, to challenge the unjust status quo.    In fact, Southeast Asia then, in particular Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, ( as in Korea), was fast being run over by the Communists,  due to the huge support of the people." - source  ricelander.wordpress.com
It is hard to believe that claim unless you  go back to the past and know the late President himself and Ninoy.  For those who were around during the Marcos days, especially in the 1960s, the country was super booming it was an indeed a progressive country at that time and it was the reason that the late President was claimed as the best President in the world.   If the country was that booming why there were protest in the Philippine capital?

According to http://www.gov.ph/edsa/the-ph-protest/   read below

Was Marcos Martial Law a legit move to save his government?"The onset of the Marcos administration would witness a more dynamic philosophy to protests; these demonstrations would continue to evolve as the Marcos presidency transformed into a dictatorship. On April 28, 1969, the Filipino Agrarian Reform Movement (FARM)—composed of intellectuals, journalists, and professionals who were sympathetic to the workers’ cause—launched a massive protest known as the Land Justice March in Tarlac, calling for land reform in Central Luzon. The protest march was supposed to end at MalacaƱang, but President Marcos flew to meet the protesters at Camp Aquino, Tarlac. After he agreed to most of their demands, the Land Justice March dissolved. During this time, FARM also staged a 93-day sit-in in front of Congress for better conditions in peasant communities.
Just two years later, in May 1967, Lapiang Malaya—a movement David Sturvenant describes as “a 40,000-member organization much given to ornate uniforms, patriotic posturing, and martial Rizal Day rallies”—called on Marcos to step down; they wanted to take his place. On May 20, more than 500 members were gathered at Lapiang Malaya’s headquarters along Taft Avenue in Pasay City, supposedly to participate in a parade-demonstration. The Philippine Constabulary repeatedly attempted to break up the assembly, but eventually tensions rose to the point of violence. In what The Manila Times referred to as “Bloody Sunday,” 32 bolo-wielding members were slaughtered by Constabulary troops armed with rifles. 358 more were arrested and taken by the Constabulary to Camp Crame in Quezon City."  - source www.gov.ph
So historically, there were already a lot of Filipino protesters who were fighting for land reforms and not literally related to troubling leadership of the late President.  When the Philippines supported the US in suppressing communism in Vietnam war and other international affairs  that had nothing to do to the lives of common Filipino lives student activism grew fast.
 "The 1960s saw a resurgence of nationalism among college students, who demonstrated against a spectrum of issues—from US imperialism, as seen in the deployment of Philippine troops to the Vietnam War, to the US military bases dotting the Philippines; to specific, sector-based issues that paralleled workers’ movements decades prior. The relatively insular but undoubtedly more sweeping issue at the heart of many a student outrage were individual school policies: School administrations would fail to respond to demands of lowered tuition fees, of granting independence to student organizations and publications, of improving facilities and the curriculum. Campus activism found campaigns in the widening gap between the rich and the poor, best exemplified by the divide between the working students of the proletariat and the collective elite of a handful of Manila schools, both public and private—hand in hand with this were the proliferation of “diploma mills” within the capital."  - source www.gov.ph

Was Philippines suffering tremendous poverty in before the Martial Law?

"In the 1950s and early 1960s its economy ranked as the second most progressive in Asia, next to that of Japan. After 1965, when Ferdinand E. Marcos became president, the nation experienced economic problems and social unrest, especially from the 1970s, when corruption and cronyism (the practice of appointing friends to well-paid posts regardless of their qualifications) took hold. In 1972, Marcos declared a state of emergency and placed the country under martial law to stifle unrest and control economic development. " - source www.nationencylopedia.com

"Apart from Japan, Malaysia, Hong Kong and Singapore, the Philippines in 1950 had a higher income per capita (according to the detailed world income calculations of Angus Maddison) than the other nations in East and Southeast Asia. However, at the end of the 20th century, Philippine income per capita exceeded only Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, North Korea and Myanmar (formerly Burma) – all of which had suffered severe national traumas in previous years. From 1950-1960s, the Philippine economy had grown progressively, although not enough to race with its faster-growing Asian neighbors like Thailand.
At the time of independence in 1946, and in the aftermath of a destructive wartime occupation by Japan, Philippine reliance on the United States was even more evident. To gain access to reconstruction assistance from the United States, the Philippines agreed to maintain its prewar exchange rate with the United States dollar and not to restrict imports from the United States. For a while the aid inflow from the United States offset the negative balance of trade, but by 1949, the economy had entered a crisis. The Philippine government responded by instituting import and foreign-exchange controls that lasted until the early 1960s.
Import restrictions stimulated the manufacturing sector. Manufacturing net domestic product (NDP) at first grew rapidly, averaging 12 percent growth per annum in real terms during the first half of the 1950s, contributing to an average 7.7 percent growth in the GNP, a higher rate than in any subsequent five-year period. The Philippines had entered an import-substitution stage of industrialization, largely as the unintended consequence of a policy response to balance-of-payments pressures. In the second half of the 1950s, the growth rate of manufacturing fell by about a third to an average of 7.7 percent, and real GNP growth was down to 4.9 percent. Import demand outpaced exports, and the allocation of foreign exchange was subject to corruption. Pressure mounted for a change of policy." - source https://herbasket.wordpress.com/2012/01/30/econ-11-economic-performance-of-the-philippines-1950-2000/

If we try to trace the situation, Marcos did experienced problems in raising the economy back before and after the Martial law years.   But, the further suffering of the Philippine economy could have had been contributed to the social unrest too.  Which might be the possibility that enabled the late President to declare Martial law.

According to those who were with the late President that it was not enough for the country to be in that law with just minor problems happening.  But they also claimed that the late President had plans and knowledge of the happenings in the country that only few people in his circle and cronies knew.

Was it possible that the late President was saving the Philippines from the possible treat of communism that already used poverty, the farmers, the nationalist society to go against him?   

It was Vietnam war during Marcos years and it was the height of cold war ---  possible wise that there could be so many Filipinos at that time who were deceived by the ideas of communism based on the events in Vietnam, Laos and other neighboring countries.  In fact America and Soviet Union were almost triggered another world war, it was the most scary years in the world.  Could it be a possibility that the Left in the government were successful in encouraging the society at large for a better government if the Marcos government would be overthrown.   

Today,  you cannot rally protest without permits, but looking at the old videos of rallies happening before the martial law  they were ravaged filled with hate ---- destroying busses  and cars, etc.   And there was a recorded incident in Isabela that a shipment of rifles from China for the Communist guerrilla were intercepted by the government troops, could that be a chance for a Vietnam style revolution if they weren't caught?

The Martial Law was considered as one of the dark history of the Philippines, but could it be the only legit move of the late President to save his country?  

What do you think? 

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