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How to become a Centurion

Centurions their Strength and Agility
Roman Empire was protected by its great army and the centurions were the ones who led their emperors to great victories in many historic wars in Europe.
The Centurions were the captains of Roman Empire's great soldiers who fought many battles  with strength and agility during the ancient times.  So, during those days when Europe was in the hands of their great emperors we can ask, how to be come a Centurion?  Let's find out!

Centurions are the principal trained officers in the armies of the Roman Empire. They are the commanders of the so called centuria, which was the smallest unit of a Roman legion. A legion was composed of 6,000 military, and every legion was separated into 10 cohorts, with every cohort have 6 centuria. The centurion commanded about 100 men, and there were 60 centurions in a legion.



How to become a Centurion?

Throughout the Republican era in the ancient Rome, centurions were often elected by the military tribunes from the most competent soldiers in the ranks. Due to the provisional nature of the militia army, centurions did not embraced stable positions. A regular soldier could serve one term as a centurion and another as a common legionary.

When the military became a specialized institution at the end of the republic, promotion to the centurionate and up the ladders of the centurions became a customary career development..

It has long been believed that centurions were almost always promoted from the ranks of common soldiers. Soldiers who had served at least 10 years in the ranks and had occupied junior staff posts such as "optio" or "signifer" could aspire to become a centurion if the vacancy came up.
Current findings of Adrian Goldsworthy and Yann Le Bohec revealed that the majority centurions came from better-off families than the average legionary conscript, and many of them could have been straight commissioned from civilian life. During the empire, many equestrian youths volunteered for the centurionate for the high prestige offered by this military rank.

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A Roman Legionnaire
A Roman Legionnaire
Courage, to a certain extent than experience, had also been the prime motive for promotion in the Republic. For instance, Spurius had only been in the army for two years when he first became a centurion during the 2nd Macedonian War. Caesar also provides multiple portraits of centurions distinguishing themselves through reckless valor. While centurions were still selected on the notion of the general, evident valor seems to have been the primary mode of selection. Centurions appeared to have worked hard to get and maintain attention, risking their lives in feats of conspicuous courageous.
Characteristic of the Centurions

  • Their equipment were very different from their men.
  • They carried a vine stick as a badge of rank, which is used to punish men.
  • The horsehair crest on their helmets went from side to side.
  • They wore medals on their chest, awarded for bravery in battle.
    Centurions could marry, and their wives lived in the barracks with them.
    They did not march, they rode on horseback.

Weapons

Gladius -The Roman short sword. It was a double-edged weapon. The main used of the weapon was for thrusting at short range. It was carried high on the right hand side so as to be clear of the legs and the shield arm.

Pilum - The Roman lance. It was thrown before just prior to engaging the enemy in melee, to disarm as much as wound them.

Pugio - The Roman blade was measured from 7 to 11 inches longi. It was a used as a secondary weapon in case of being disarmed.
Training
To become a roman soldier he is to be taught all the basic training required in the Roman Army. One of the first things a combatant had to be taught was the military step. This could only be educated through many practice marches. Ranks who kept their correctness and accurate form were in the least danger of being defeated. A soldier also had to train running so that he could advance on the opponent with the greatest speed achievable and surpass them when on pursuit. Leaping was the third part of preliminary training that a conscript had to be taught. Leaping helped a soldier to cross ditches or scale difficult objects without any trouble.
 Things a recruited roman soldier must learn:
  • Swimming
  • Sword Practice
  • Bow, Sling, & Javelin Use
  • Vaulting and Burden Carrying


 

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